Historical place Amer fort Jaipur | history of Amer Fort Jaipur-This fort is situated on a hill in Amer, Rajasthan. Amer Fort is a tourist attraction. The fort built by Raja Mansingh, also known as Amber Fort, is a must-visit place. It is conveniently perched on top of a mountain, which is situated right next to the beautiful little lake. The majestic presence of the fort and its geographical advantages make it a special place to visit.
The palace complex of Amer Fort has very attractive rooms inside. This fort was built by Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh, and Sawai Jai Singh for almost two centuries. This palace complex was used as the main residence of the Rajput Maharajas for a long time. Amer Fort is associated with a rich history that includes betrayals and bloodshed.
Historical place Amer fort Jaipur |amer fort Jaipur history
History of Amer Fort-Raja Alan Singh, who ruled the Chandra dynasty of the Meenas, was probably the first king to set foot on Amer. He established his palace on top of the hill. Which is currently addressed as Amer Fort. He began to rule on his principles in the new city and named his city Khogong. The king took them with an open heart and even raised the child whose name was Dhola Rai.
Instead of obeying his king’s orders, Tholarai came back with a small army of his own, consisting of Rajputs. The Rajputs then killed all the people belonging to the group of Meenas without showing any mercy. It is said that this massacre took place on the day of Diwali. When Meena was performing a special ritual, which was known as ‘Pitr Tarpan’. While performing Pitra Tarpan, it was customary among the Meenas that they did not carry weapons with them. Thola Rai took advantage of this situation and made Khogong his own. His act was considered cowardly and frivolous.
In the early 1600s, Raja Mansingh of the Kachwaha house succeeded his predecessor. After this, the construction of Amer Fort started by destroying the already built structure on the hill. The fort was developed over the next two centuries by Raja Mansingh’s successor, Jai Singh I, which underwent continuous renovations and improvements during the reign of various Rajput maharajas, including Mirza Raja Jai Singh. Amer Fort was completed in the late 16th century. The Maharajas of Rajput decided to shift their capital from Amber to Jaipur in 1727, after which the status of the fort did not change to date.
construction of Amer fort
The construction of Amer Fort started in 1952. It was rebuilt at regular intervals by several rulers. This trend continued till the end of 1600. The construction of the fort was done using red sandstone and white marble. Although originally this fort remained as the main residence of Rajput Maharajas. So in the subsequent modifications, the fort was deliberately built like a grand palace. Another palace was also constructed before the construction of Amer Fort. The old palace is situated on a valley behind the fort.
Structure of Amer Fort
Four separate sections combine to form a fort or palace. The first gate which is also the main gate is called Suraj Pol or Surya Dwar. The gate faces east, which witnesses sunrise every morning and hence the name. This gate to the first courtyard is named Jalebi Chowk. It was a visual gift to the public and was often seen through windows by women. Since the royal dignitaries used to enter through the Surya gate, there was heavy security at this place.
The entrance to the Amer Fort starts from the Dil-e-Amar Garden, which is built in the early Mughal style. An impressive flight of stairs leads to the Diwan-i-Aam with a latticed gallery and a two-line of pillars, each with an elephant-shaped capital at the top This hall is placed in the second courtyard. On the right are the steps leading to a small temple of Goddess Sila Devi.
There are two magnificent buildings in the third courtyard. The buildings are located opposite each other. On the left is the beautiful Jai Mandir, also known as the Sheesh Mahal (Palace of Mirrors). As the name suggests Jai Mandir was used to celebrate victory. Other ceremonies were also held in this building. The building in front of Jai Mandir is called Sukh Mahal (Hall of Pleasure). This place was used by the royal family whenever they felt like spending some time alone or relaxing.
Towards the southern area of this courtyard is situated the famous palace built by Raja Mansingh I. It is the oldest structure of the entire fort as it still stands today. The way out of this palace leads directly to the city of Amer. The fourth courtyard is also interesting. In this part of the palace, royal women including the mistress lived. They were collectively known as Zenana. Even the queen and the queen mother used to live in this part. This part of the palace was very deserted because the kings used to visit the queens or their mistresses without paying any attention to anyone.
The architectural style of the fort is a mixture of Mughal and Rajput architecture. The best example of this style within the fort is the Ganesh Pol. Mirza Raja Jaisingh, was instrumental in the construction of Ganesh Pol from 1621 to 1627. The gate is decorated with mosaics, making it look colorful and grand. Sheesh, Mahal has walls with exquisite mirrors, the Jhumar Jai Mandir hanging on the upper floor, is a splendid blend of Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture. This is clearly evident from the carved jali screens and stucco work.
The Jal Mandir has a huge opening that is covered with sandalwood doors. A special feature of this structure is the flow of water through the building, thereby air-conditioning the entire hall. Sheesh, Mahal also has a specialty. Day after day even in the light of a few candles the whole palace would be lit up with brilliance, such as the architectural brilliance of such a special structure. Which was built during the reign of Raja Man Singh in the late 1600s.
Other major architectural attractions of the fort include Jadu ka Phool (Mansingh’s Palace and Gardens). While the magic flower depicts two soaring butterflies, the palace is known for its pavilion. The garden resembles Chahar Bagh or the famous Mughal Garden. Apart from this, there is a pool which is shaped like a star in the center of the garden.
protection of the fort
The fort was merged together with five other forts of Rajasthan as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2013. ADMA (Amer Development and Management Authority) has so far spent around Rs 40 crore to protect the fort from dangers. However, the commercialization of the fort is proving to be a major threat. It is said that a team of Bollywood films damaged an old umbrella attached to the fort. The team also damaged Chand Mahal, a courtyard called Jalebi Chowk, and other ancient buildings by digging holes as the film set were fixed. The Rajasthan High Court had condemned the act and barred any further damage by revoking the permission to shoot the film within the premises of the fort. After this incident, shooting any film is not allowed anywhere near Amber Fort.