history of rail in India

history of rail in India-Indian Railways (IR) is the second-largest rail network in Asia. It has been a major component of India’s transport sector for more than 160 years. It is the largest employer in the world, with over 1.3 million employees. Let us know all the information and travel information related to Indian Railways.

history of rail in India

Indian Railway Journey

  • For the first time in the country, on December 22, 1851, the railway ran on the track.
  • The first passenger train ran between Mumbai and Thane on 16 April 1853.
  • Indian Railways Act was passed in the year 1890.
  • In the year 1936, the passenger coaches were made air-conditioned.
  • The mascot of the Indian Railways is an elephant (bear guard) carrying a green-lighted lantern.
  • Indian Railways was nationalized in the year 1950.
  •  The zonal system started with six zones in the year 1952 and at present, there are 17 zones.
  • 13.1 lakh employees are employed in the Railways.
  • Indian Railways is considered to be one of the longest and busiest networks in the world.
  • More than six billion passengers travel by rail in a year.
  • Himsagar Express running between Kanyakumari and Jammu Tawi is the longest distance train. Its route is 3745 km.
  • Bhopal Shatabdi Express running at a speed of 140 kmph is the fastest train in the country.
  • The 1072 meter long Kharagpur railway station is the longest railway platform in the world.
  • The Fairy Queen is the oldest engine in the world, which still runs.
  • Lifeline Express is a special train. It is also known as Hospital on Wheels. From operation room to treatment, all facilities are available on this train.
  • The Indian Railways strike in 1974 is considered to be the biggest strike ever. This strike lasted 20 days. There was no strike in the Railways after 1974.
  • In the year 1977, the National Rail Museum was opened for the protection and promotion of heritage, tourism, education, entertainment.
  • The Society of International Travelers has included India’s grand cars Deccan Odyssey, Palace on Wheels, and 100-year-old toy train in the list of 25 best trains in the world.
  • Jan Shatabdi train was started in the year 2002.
  • Reservation through the internet started in the year 2004.
  • In the year 2007, a comprehensive general train inquiry service was started across the country through telephone number 139.

history of rail in India

When was the first train?

The first train in India ran between Mumbai and Thane. This 35 km journey was started on 16 April 1853. A 14-coach train with a steam locomotive had left between Mumbai and Thane.

How long is the network of Indian Railways

Indian Railways network is the fourth largest network in the world after the USA, Russia, and China. Although these three countries are some or far ahead of India in terms of technology, Indian Railways is not even nineteen, it is only twenty.

China has overtaken

The first railway in India ran in 1853, while in China it was 23 years later i.e. in 1876. When India became independent, the total length of the rail network in India was 53,596 km, while the rail network of China was only 27,000 km.

In these 65 years of independence, India has grown only 10,000 km or a little more, while China has overtaken India with a rail network of 78,000 km and its rail network continues to expand compared to India. Used to be. He has put a railway line up to typical Tibet.

three types of tracks

There are three types of rails are laid in Indian Railways, these are big lines, small lines, and narrow lines. Out of these, the network of large line tracks is spread over most parts of India. Most of the vehicles ply on this track.

Shortline tracks are now gradually decreasing. There is probably a short line network from Ratlam to Akola left in Madhya Pradesh. This part too will soon be converted into a big line.

The part of the narrow line is also left in the Nagpur-Chhindwara-Jabalpur section in MP, which will be converted into a bigger line in the future. After this hardly any short or narrow line will be able to remain an MP.

cheap ride

Indian Railways is probably the cheapest railway in the world. The fare is charged by the railways at the rate of some 10 paise per km, while the fare in buses is about 10 times more i.e. close to Re 1 per km. This is the reason why trains are very congested due to their cheapness. People keep stuffing inboxes. There is no vacancy in any category during the days of war festivals and marriages and summer vacations. The waiting becomes very long.

Three types of trains and facilities

Generally, 3 types of trains are run for the convenience of the public. These are – Passenger, Express, and Mail (Express). Of these, the passenger fare is the lowest. Express charges more than that and Mail (Express) charges the highest fare.

 General bogie (second class) has the lowest fare, while sleeper fares more than that and AC fares the highest.

General bogie has simple facilities. Sleepers have slightly better sleeping facilities than general, while AC coaches get ‘A’ class facilities including air-conditioning.

need a lot of capital

The railway needs a lot of capital for laying new railway lines and other facilities, but due to political reasons, railway fare has been increased so little in the last 8-10 years that it is like cumin in a camel’s mouth. If there is a slight increase, then the Railways can get a lot of capital and can transform itself. But due to the politics of votes, railways are being made a pawn, which will prove to be harmful to it.

Despite all this, even today the train ride is very attractive to all of us. Everyone wants and wants to travel in it, after all, why not what is comfortable.

Those who have trouble with the bus or other means, they like to sit in this. Then what’s the delay, you too get ready to sit in ‘Lelgali’.

read more- The Story and History of Mumbai’s Taj Hotel.

The Golden Temple train running between Mumbai and Amritsar has completed its 84 years on 1st September. Started in the year 1928, this train was once the longest and fastest train in the country.

At that time it used to connect Peshawar of Pakistan with Mumbai. The name of this train running from the front of undivided Hindustan was earlier Frontier Mail. It was so famous in Kota that people used to set the time of their clock only after hearing its sound.

After partition, this train is running between Mumbai and Amritsar. Despite the name change, people in Kota still call it Frontier Mail. Many memories of Kota are associated with this train.

Then the train was cut into three pieces.

Abdul Mueed, who was the chief train controller of this train, says that during the historic rail strike on 2 May 1974, the joint between the coaches was opened and the quota of this train was cut into three pieces. There was also a lathi charge at the station at that time. At that time, the driver Mr. William had taken away the train somehow.

Chaman’s grapes were available for one penny

Senior Babu Ramswaroop Singh, who was in the railways, told that then Chaman’s grapes used to come from Peshawar in this train, which were rarely seen in Kota. These grapes were so juicy and sweet that if they were seen, people did not hesitate to ask for them.

Head TT used to salute in first class

At that time, the person traveling in the first class in this train had different respect. The status of the first class was so much that when the train stopped, the head TT used to come and take care of the compartment by saluting. Such delicious food was prepared in the restaurant that people from the city used to go to the train to get double bread.

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