Red fort Delhi- Red Fort is not only the identity of Delhi but the whole of India. Due to the grandeur and charm of this fort, lakhs of tourists from all over the country and abroad come to see the Red Fort every year.
This grand fort built by the Mughal emperor is world-famous for its amazing architecture. Red Fort is counted among the beautiful and grand forts of the world.
This fort was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who was called the prince of architecture. The Lal Quila of Delhi, which witnessed the independence of India, is a wonderful example of Mughal architecture.
When Shah Jahan shifted Delhi from Agra after the construction of this grand fort, he named his capital Delhi Shahjahanabad.
Every year after independence, on 15 August, the Prime Minister of India hoists the tricolor on the ramparts of the Red Fort. And addresses the nation from the ramparts of Lal Quila.
For the first time, the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, hoisted the tricolor on the ramparts of the Red Fort on 15 August 1947. Let us know about this fort in detail.
Red fort Delhi|History and importance of Red Fort
Red Fort Brief Introduction
- Manufacture year – 1638-1648
- Producer – Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan
- Architect – Ahmed Lahori
- Architectural style – Mughal, Hindu, and Persian styles
- Construction cost – 1 crore (at that time)
- Major building – Moti Masjid, Rang Mahal, Mumtaz Mahal, Deewane Mango, Deewane Khas etc.
Red Fort texture and structure
This fort is known as Red Fort due to its construction of red sandstone. Spread over a radius of about 1.5 km and built in an octagonal shape, this beautiful fort in India is famous all over the world for its amazing workmanship and carvings.
Beautiful carvings are seen in this fort through Mughal architecture. It is said that the walls of this fort were decorated with many precious stones and gems
Inside this fort, the Mughal ruler had built the famous Peacock Raj Throne for himself. Later the British took it to England and went away.
Located in the capital of India, Delhi, this huge fort is surrounded by a moat about 11 meters deep from all sides. The water in this ditch was filled by the Yamuna river. Apart from this, for the protection of the Red Fort, there is a 33-meter high wall around it.
For this reason, this fort was considered impregnable from the point of view of security. There are two entrances to the fort. The name of one gate is Lahori Gate and the name of the other gate is Delhi Gate. Lahori Gate was named after Lahore in Pakistan.
Many more beautiful historical buildings have been built inside this famous Red Fort. In which Naubat Khana, Moti Masjid, Mumtaz Mahal, Deewane Khas, Rang Mahal, Deewanaam and Hamam etc. are famous.
At that time Pakistan was not separate from India. Whereas the second gate was named after Delhi itself as Delhi Gate. Due to its grandeur and charm, this fort was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.
Architect of Red Fort
The Red Fort is spread over an area of about 250 acres. Many palaces and mosques are built inside this magnificent fort. Everything on the premises of this fort was made very thoughtfully.
As the architect of this fort, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan chose Ahmed Lahori, the famous architect of that time. He built this huge and attractive fort using his amazing imagination power. Which was considered impervious from the point of view of security. The mix of Mughal, Persian and Indian styles makes the Red Fort the best.
Here it is necessary to mention one more thing one of the seventh wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal was also built by Ahmed Lahori.
red fort Delhi was built by
The history of this fort, which has become the identity of India, is very interesting, the glorious history of the Red Fort is more than 350 years old.
When was the Red Fort built?
The construction work of this fort was started by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 AD. Its construction took about 10 years and this fort was completed in 1648 AD.
This fort, spread over a vast area of more than 250 acres, was built by Shah Jahan on the banks of the Yamuna river. This fort is surrounded by the Yamuna river on three sides.
This fort was the capital of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. After the construction of the Red Fort, Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. Shah Jahan named his new capital Shahjahanabad.
In the construction of this world-famous fort, it is said that about 1 million rupees were spent at that time. At that time this fort was also known as Qila-e-Mubarak.
According to the historian, the Mughal dynasty began to decline by the last decade of the 17th century. Aurangzeb, the last powerful ruler of the Mughal dynasty, built the Moti Masjid in this fort. After the fall of Aurangzeb, this fort remained vacant for about 30 years.
After that, Jahandar Shah took over this fort in his possession in 1712. Farrukhsiyar defeated Jahandar Shah in a battle and Jahandar Shah was killed. After that Farrukhsiyar plundered this fort tremendously and looted the valuables from the fort.
Later this fort came under the possession of Muhammad Shah. For 20 years, the Red Fort was ruled by Muhammad Shah. But the Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated Muhammad Shah and captured the Red Fort.
During this, Nadir Shah also looted this fort a lot and went back. After that, this fort also remained under the control of Sikhs and Marathas. Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last ruler of the Mughal dynasty, whose residence was the Red Fort.
In 1857 AD, he was taken prisoner for participating in the rebellion against the British in India’s first war of independence. In front of his eyes, his sons were brutally killed by the British. He was jailed in Rangoon. where he died.
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After that, this fort was completely under the British. The British also looted this fort fiercely. It is said that the British took the Kohinoor diamond, the peacock throne, and many other valuables from the Red Fort to England.
It is said that even today Kohinoor is with the British Government. After a long struggle and lakhs of sacrifices, when India became independent on 15 August 1947. Then this fort came under the control of the Government of India and this fort was handed over to the Indian Army.
Later this fort was handed over to the Archaeological Department of India. Every year since independence, on 15 August, the Prime Minister of India addresses the country after hoisting the tricolor on the ramparts of the Red Fort.
Due to its grandeur, Lal Quila has become the identity of India today. To see which lakhs of tourists reach Delhi from the country and abroad.
Of the two main gates of this fort, the Delhi and Lahore gates, the entrance of the general public is only from the Lahori gate, while the Delhi Gate is reserved for VIP entry.
Other places of interest built on the premises of Red Fort
Chhabri Bazar – This market is located on the premises of the Red Fort, a historical site in India, and is the first choice of tourists.
Lahori Gate – Lahori Gate is one of the main gates of the Red Fort. The common tourist enters the Red Fort through this gate.
Delhi Gate – This gate built in the south part of the Red Fort also looks very attractive.
Rang Mahal – This palace, built on the premises of the Red Fort, was the residence of the queens of the Mughal emperor. The attractive carvings done in this palace easily attract the attention of the tourist.
A canal has also been created in the middle of this Rang Mahal. Which water was supplied by the Yamuna river. The cold water of the canal is used to control the temperature of Rang Mahal in summer.
Diwan-e-Aam – It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a royal court. A court was held at this place.
Where the emperor used to discuss with his courtier. At that time all important decisions were taken in this court.
Deewane Khas – It is said that the Diwan-i-Khas built inside this historical fort of India used to be the bedroom of the Mughal ruler. Only a select few people were allowed to visit this place. The wall of this palace was also decorated with many precious stones and gems.
Moti Masjid – This Moti Masjid present in the huge complex of Red Fort further enhances the beauty of this fort. This wonderful royal mosque is decorated with many small domes and arches.
Built-in white marble, this mosque presents a wonderful example of Mughal architecture. Moti-Masjid was built by Aurangzeb in the year 1659. Where the Mughal rulers used to offer Namaz daily.
Mumtaz Mahal – This palace was named by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan after his beloved Begum Mumtaz Mahal. Like the Taj Mahal, white marble was used in the construction of this palace. There is an attractive and beautiful figure on their walls and pillars.
Khas Mahal – The carving of this palace, located in the Red Fort complex, is also very beautiful. White marble has been used to make it too. On which beautiful carvings of flowers have been done. It is said that this palace used to be the private residence of the Mughal emperor. Inside which there are three chambers.
Hamam – When you go towards Rang Mahal inside the Red Fort, then you will see the Hamam in front. Hamam means bathing place. Built-in white marble and beautiful design, this hammam was used by kings and queens for bathing.
Hira Mahal – This palace was built by Bahadur Shah II. It is said that more valuable things than the Kohinoor were kept hidden in this palace.
Chatta Chowk – As soon as you enter inside from the Lohor Gate, there is Chatta Bazaar in front. Haat used to be held here during the time of the Mughal Empire.
red fort Delhi timing
As we know that the Red Fort is a famous tourist spot located on the banks of Yamuna in Delhi, India. Every year lakhs of people come to visit this fort. The Red Fort is open to the general public for 6 days a week except for Mondays.
To enter this fort, a ticket fee of Rs 10 for a citizen of India and Rs 150 for a foreign tourist is charged. The Red Fort opens at 8:30 am on all days except Mondays and closes at 4:30 pm.
The light and sound show organized in Red Fort
A sound and light show is organized every evening in the Red Fort. This light show is the center of special attraction for the tourist. To watch this light show, the viewer has to pay a separate fee of Rs 50.